APA Style or the American Psychological Association Style is frequently used in the social sciences and the physical sciences. It is different in small ways from the other style guides. Your teacher or professor can tell you what style to use, but this style is frequently used with subjects such as psychology, sociology, history, geography, anthropology, archeology, geography, history, political science, international studies, cultural studies such as Native American studies, African American studies, Latin American studies, Asian studies, earth sciences, natural sciences, environmental science and others. Check out More APA Style Guide samples here.
When you cite information within the body of your paper, write the last name of the author, a comma, the year the information was published, a comma and the page number it was published on. Use a p followed by a period to signify page number. Put it all in parentheses. If it's at the end of a sentence, put a period after the parentheses. It should look like this:
(Galvez, 2005, p. 49).
To build your bibliography
1. Start with a new page. Label the page as Bibliography or Works Cited.
2. Indent the first line of each entry. Press the tab button once or hit the space bar 5 times to get the right spacing. The second line or third line of each entry should not be indented. Single space each entry, but put a line between each entry.
3. Your bibliography should be ordered alphabetically using the last name of the authors. So the book or article with an author with the last name Anderson would go first, follow by the writer with the last name Bellinger, and so on.
4. Use a normal font with no special emphasis unless otherwise noted.
5. Follow each direction for using a period, a colon, parentheses or other punctuation.
1. Basic format: Book, one author
Author's last name, first initial of first name. (year published). Title of book, volume number if applicable, page numbers used. City where it was published: Name of publisher.
Sample: Book, one author
Galvez, A. (2005). The dust bowl of Africa: Agriculture in the Sahel, 22-35, 38, 55-58, 92. Johannesburg: Sommerset Press.
2. Basic format: Book, multiple authors
Author's last name, first initial of first name, next author alphabetically's last name, first initial first name & final author's last name, first initial of first name. (year published). Title of book, volume number if applicable, page numbers used. City where it was published: Name of publisher.
Example: Multiple authors
Brown, P., Eddings, J. & Matting, F. (2008). Chronology of British Elizabethan poetry. New York: Schafter and Helmand, Inc.
3. Basic format: Essay or book chapter
Author's last name, first initial of first name. (year published). Essay or chapter name. Title of book, volume number if applicable, page numbers. City where it was published: Name of publisher.
Sample: Essay or book chapter
Bradford, N. (1997). The salt wars. History of the Southwest, 2, 259-287. Pittsburgh: Fastington Press.
4. Basic format: Articles in Periodicals or Scholarly Journals
Author's last name, first initial of first name. (year published). Article name. Title of Journal with Capitalized Wordsbook, volume number if applicable, page numbers.p>Example: Articles in Periodicals or Scholarly Journals
Sohn, G. (2010). China's new commuter. Journal of Population Sciences, Vol. 25, (5), 23-45.
5. Basic format: Website
Last name of author, first initial. (Year published). Title of article. Retrieved Month day, year, from name of site.
Sample: websiteBrown, M. (2009). The signs of anorexia in teens. Retrieved January 23, 2010, from http://www.canuwrite.com.
6. Basic format: Newspaper articlesTitle of article. (year published, Month day). Name of newspaper, pp. ##.
Sample: Newspaper articles
Pulawnee County cancer rates increase. (1992, September 23). The Augusta Herald, pp. A4, A12.
7. Basic format: Electronic Journal Article From a Database
Author's last name, first initial of first name. (year published). Article name. Title of Journal with Capitalized Words, volume number if applicable, page numbers. Retrieved from name of database.
Sample: Electronic journal from a database
Browning, C. (2010). French-Canadians and the Mill culture. Inside Diversity, 17-35. Retrieved from International Studies ISP database.
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